Image of Chili Peppers

Title

Image of Chili Peppers

Subject

Woodcut illustration of chili peppers (Capsicum annuum) including stems, leaves, and roots

Description

This image is one of over five hundred woodcut illustrations that were part of a book written by Leonhart Fuchs, De Historia Stirpium commentarii insignes, which was originally published in 1542. Albrecht Meyer drew the plants based on observation, Heinrich Fullmaurer transferred these drawings to woodblocks, and Vitus Rudolph Speckle cut these blocks and printed the woodcut illustrations. The colors were later added by hand using watercolors. Several plants were illustrated for the first time in Fuchs' book, including the chili pepper. Fuchs made sure that the illustrations were true to life and that they depicted the plants in all stages of life. This demonstrates the purpose of the images in this book, which was to be a practical guide for those studying the sciences, particularly medicine.

Creator

Albrecht Meyer, Heinrich Fullmaurer, and Vitus Rudolph Speckle (with input from Leonhart Fuchs)

Source

De Historia Stirpium commentarii insignes (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) by Leonhart Fuchs
The source of this image was Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Albrecht_Meyer25.jpg. The source of the WikiCommons image was the Andersen Horticultural Library.
This book can also be found on Hathi Trust, as well as at https://archive.org/details/Dehistoriastirp00Fuch, with the Biodiversity Heritage Library as the digitizing sponsor and Smithsonian Libraries as the book contributor.

Publisher

Basileae: In officina Insingriniana (Basel, Michael Insingrin)

Date

Originally published in 1542

Contributor

Jennifer Rutishauser

Rights

No longer under copyright protection, Public Domain

Relation

Latin text in Leonhart Fuchs' De Historia Stirpium commentarii insignes

Format

The original image was a woodcut illustration within a book, dimensions: 34.5 x 23 cm. It is published here as a digital image with dimensions 500 x 808 pixels.

Language

Latin

Type

Woodcut illustration with watercolors

Identifier

The first depiction of chili peppers for an educated European audience

Coverage

16th century Europe

Original Format

Woodcut illustration on paper with watercolors

Physical Dimensions

34.5 x 23 cm.

Files

chili peppers.jpg

Citation

Albrecht Meyer, Heinrich Fullmaurer, and Vitus Rudolph Speckle (with input from Leonhart Fuchs), “Image of Chili Peppers,” Food origins, accessed April 21, 2021, https://tenochtitlan.omeka.net/items/show/31.